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General Rules and Regulations
promulgated
under the
Securities Exchange Act of 1934





Rule 13d-1 -- Filing of Schedules 13D-G


  1. Any person who, after acquiring directly or indirectly the beneficial ownership of any equity security of a class which is specified in paragraph (i) of this section, is directly or indirectly the beneficial owner of more than five percent of the class shall, within 10 days after the acquisition, file with the Commission, a statement containing the information required by Schedule 13D.

    1. A person who would otherwise be obligated under paragraph (a) of this section to file a statement on Schedule 13D may, in lieu thereof, file with the Commission, a short-form statement on Schedule 13G, Provided, That:

      1. Such person has acquired such securities in the ordinary course of his business and not with the purpose nor with the effect of changing or influencing the control of the issuer, nor in connection with or as a participant in any transaction having such purpose or effect, including any transaction subject to Rule 13d-3(b); and

      2. Such person is:

        1. A broker or dealer registered under section 15 of the Act;

        2. A bank as defined in section 3(a)(6) of the Act;

        3. An insurance company as defined in section 3(a)(19) of the Act;

        4. An investment company registered under section 8 of the Investment Company Act of 1940;

        5. Any person registered as an investment adviser under Section 203 of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 or under the laws of any state;

        6. An employee benefit plan as defined in Section 3(3) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended, 29 U.S.C. 1001 et seq. ("ERISA") that is subject to the provisions of ERISA, or any such plan that is not subject to ERISA that is maintained primarily for the benefit of the employees of a state or local government or instrumentality, or an endowment fund;

        7. A parent holding company or control person, provided the aggregate amount held directly by the parent or control person, and directly and indirectly by their subsidiaries or affiliates that are not persons specified in Rule 240.13d-1(b)(1)(ii)(A) through (J), does not exceed one percent of the securities of the subject class;

        8. A savings association as defined in Section 3(b) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813);

        9. A church plan that is excluded from the definition of an investment company under section 3(c)(14) of the Investment Company Act of 1940; and

        10. A non-U.S. institution that is the functional equivalent of any of the institutions listed in Rule 240.13d-1 (b)(1)(ii)(A) through (I), so long as the non-U.S. institution is subject to a regulatory scheme that is substantially comparable to the regulatory scheme applicable to the equivalent U.S. institution; and

        11. A group, provided that all the members are persons specified in Rule 240.13d-1(b)(1)(ii)(A) through (J).

      3. Such person has promptly notified any other person (or group within the meaning of section 13(d)(3) of the Act) on whose behalf it holds, on a discretionary basis, securities exceeding five percent of the class, of any acquisition or transaction on behalf of such other person which might be reportable by that person under section 13(d) of the Act. This paragraph only requires notice to the account owner of information which the filing person reasonably should be expected to know and which would advise the account owner of an obligation he may have to file a statement pursuant to section 13(d) of the Act or an amendment thereto.

    2. The Schedule 13G filed pursuant to paragraph (b)(1) of this section shall be filed within 45 days after the end of the calendar year in which the person became obligated under paragraph (b)(1) of this section to report the person's beneficial ownership as of the last day of the calendar year, Provided, That it shall not be necessary to file a Schedule 13G unless the percentage of the class of equity security specified in paragraph (i) of this section beneficially owned as of the end of the calendar year is more than five percent; However, if the person's direct or indirect beneficial ownership exceeds 10 percent of the class of equity securities prior to the end of the calendar year, the initial Schedule 13G shall be filed within 10 days after the end of the first month in which the person's direct or indirect beneficial ownership exceeds 10 percent of the class of equity securities, computed as of the last day of the month.

  2. A person who would otherwise be obligated under paragraph (a) of this section to file a statement on Schedule 13D may, in lieu thereof, file with the Commission, within 10 days after an acquisition described in paragraph (a) of this section, a short-form statement on Schedule 13G. Provided, That the person:

    1. Has not acquired the securities with any purpose, or with the effect of, changing or influencing the control of the issuer, or in connection with or as a participant in any transaction having that purpose or effect, including any transaction subject to Rule 13d-3(b);

    2. Is not a person reporting pursuant to paragraph (b)(1) of this section; and

    3. Is not directly or indirectly the beneficial owner of 20 percent or more of the class.

  3. Any person who, as of the end of any calendar year, is or becomes directly or indirectly the beneficial owner of more than five percent of any equity security of a class specified in paragraph (i) of this section and who is not required to file a statement under paragraph (a) of this section by virtue of the exemption provided by Section 13(d)(6)(A) or (B) of the Act, or because the beneficial ownership was acquired prior to December 22, 1970, or because the person otherwise (except for the exemption provided by Section 13(d)(6)(C) of the Act) is not required to file a statement, shall file with the Commission, within 45 days after the end of the calendar year in which the person became obligated to report under this paragraph (d), a statement containing the information required by Schedule 13G.

    1. Notwithstanding paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section and Rule 13d-2(b), a person that has reported that it is the beneficial owner of more than five percent of a class of equity securities in a statement on Schedule 13G pursuant to paragraph (b) or (c) of this section, or is required to report the acquisition but has not yet filed the schedule, shall immediately become subject to Rule 13d-1(a) and Rule 13d-2(a) and shall file a statement on Schedule 13D within 10 days if, and shall remain subject to those requirements for so long as, the person:

      1. Has acquired or holds the securities with a purpose or effect of changing or influencing control of the issuer, or in connection with or as a participant in any transaction having that purpose or effect, including any transaction subject to Rule 13d-3(b); and

      2. Is at that time the beneficial owner of more than five percent of a class of equity securities described in Rule 13d-1(i).

    2. From the time the person has acquired or holds the securities with a purpose or effect of changing or influencing control of the issuer, or in connection with or as a participant in any transaction having that purpose or effect until the expiration of the tenth day from the date of the filing of the Schedule 13D pursuant to this section, that person shall not:

      1. Vote or direct the voting of the securities described therein; or

      2. Acquire an additional beneficial ownership interest in any equity securities of the issuer of the securities, nor of any person controlling the issuer.

    1. Notwithstanding paragraph (c) of this section and Rule 13d-2(b), persons reporting on Schedule 13G pursuant to paragraph (c) of this section shall immediately become subject to Rule 13d-1(a) and Rule 13d- 2(a) and shall remain subject to those requirements for so long as, and shall file a statement on Schedule 13D within 10 days of the date on which, the person's beneficial ownership equals or exceeds 20 percent of the class of equity securities.

    2. From the time of the acquisition of 20 percent or more of the class of equity securities until the expiration of the tenth day from the date of the filing of the Schedule 13D pursuant to this section, the person shall not:

      1. Vote or direct the voting of the securities described therein,

      2. Acquire an additional beneficial ownership interest in any equity securities of the issuer of the securities, nor of any person controlling the issuer.

  4. Any person who has reported an acquisition of securities in a statement on Schedule 13G pursuant to paragraph (b) of this section, or has become obligated to report on the Schedule 13G but has not yet filed the Schedule, and thereafter ceases to be a person specified in paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this section or determines that it no longer has acquired or holds the securities in the ordinary course of business shall immediately become subject to Rule 13d-1(a) or Rule 13d-1(c) (if the person satisfies the requirements specified in Rule 13d-1(c)), and Rule 13d-2 (a), (b) or (d), and shall file, within 10 days thereafter, a statement on Schedule 13D or amendment to Schedule 13G, as applicable, if the person is a beneficial owner at that time of more than five percent of the class of equity securities.

  5. Any person who has filed a Schedule 13D pursuant to paragraph (e), (f) or (g) of this section may again report its beneficial ownership on Schedule 13G pursuant to paragraphs (b) or (c) of this section provided the person qualifies thereunder, as applicable, by filing a Schedule 13G once the person determines that the provisions of paragraph (e), (f) or (g) of this section no longer apply.

  6. For the purpose of this regulation, the term "equity security" means any equity security of a class which is registered pursuant to section 12 of that Act, or any equity security of any insurance company which would have been required to be so registered except for the exemption contained in section 12(g) (2) (G) of the Act, or any equity security issued by a closed-end investment company registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940: Provided, such term shall not include securities of a class of non-voting securities.

  7. For the purpose of sections 13(d) and 13(g), any person, in determining the amount of outstanding securities of a class of equity securities, may rely upon information set forth in the issuer's most recent quarterly or annual report, and any current report subsequent thereto, filed with the Commission pursuant to this Act, unless he knows or has reason to believe that the information contained therein is inaccurate.



    1. Whenever two or more persons are required to file a statement containing the information required by Schedule 13D or Schedule 13G with respect to the same securities, only one statement need be filed: Provided, That:

      1. Each person on whose behalf the statement is filed is individually eligible to use the Schedule on which the information is filed;

      2. Each person on whose behalf the statement is filed is responsible for the timely filing of such statement and any amendments thereto, and for the completeness and accuracy of the information concerning such person contained therein; such person is not responsible for the completeness or accuracy of the information concerning the other persons making the filing, unless such person knows or has reason to believe that such information is inaccurate; and

      3. Such statement identifies all such persons, contains the required information with regard to each such person, indicates that such statement is filed on behalf of all such persons, and includes, as an exhibit, their agreement in writing that such a statement is filed on behalf of each of them.

    2. A group's filing obligation may be satisfied either by a single joint filing or by each of the group's members making an individual filing. If the group's members elect to make their own filings, each such filing should identify all members of the group but the information provided concerning the other persons making the filing need only reflect information which the filing person knows or has reason to know.


Regulatory History


43 FR 18495, Apr. 28, 1978, as amended at 43 FR 29768, July 11, 1978; 43 FR 55755, Nov. 29, 1978; 44 FR 10703, Feb. 23, 1979; 63 FR 2854, 2865, Jan. 16, 1998, as corrected at 63 FR 15286, 15287, March 31, 1998; 73 FR 60050, 60089, Oct. 9, 2008

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