Every person who, by or through stock ownership, agency, or otherwise, or
who, pursuant to or in connection with an agreement or understanding with one
or more other persons by or through stock ownership, agency, or otherwise, controls
any person liable under section 11 or 12,
shall also be liable jointly and severally with and to the same extent as such
controlled person to any person to whom such controlled person is liable, unless
the controlling person had no knowledge of or reasonable ground to believe in
the existence of the facts by reason of which the liability of the controlled
person is alleged to exist.
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